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What Is Ethical hacking?

Ethical hacking also known as penetration testing or white-hat hacking, involves the same tools, tricks, and techniques that hackers use, but with one major difference that Ethical hacking is legal. Ethical hacking is performed with the target’s permission. 

The intent of ethical hacking is to discover vulnerabilities from a hacker’s viewpoint so systems can be better secured. It’s part of an overall information risk management program that allows for ongoing security improvements. Ethical hacking can also ensure that vendors’ claims about the security of their products are legitimate

What actually means of hacking?

Eric Raymond, compiler of “The New Hacker’s Dictionary”, defines a hacker as a clever programmer.

A “good hack” is a clever solution to a programming problem and “hacking” is the act of doing it. Raymond lists five possible characteristics that qualify one as a hacker, which we paraphrase here:

Actually means of ethical hacking

  • learning details of a programming language or system
  • A person who enjoys actually doing the programming rather than just theorizing about it
  • Capable of appreciating someone else’s hacking
  • picks up programming quickly
  • Who is an expert at a particular programming language or system       

Types of Hackers-

Hackers can be broadly classified on the basis of why they are hacking systems or why they are indulging in hacking. There are mainly three types of hacker on this basis

black hat hacker

  • Black-Hat Hacker:   crackers are individuals with extraordinary computing skills, resorting to malicious or destructive activities. That is black hat hackers use their knowledge and skill for their own personal gains probably by hurting others. 

It’s   Impossible to find me – Anonymous (Black Hat Hacker) 

  • white hat hackerWhite-Hat Hacker(Ethical hacker | Ethical hacking):   They are Those individuals professing hacker skills and using them for defensive purposes. This means that the white hat hackers use their knowledge and skill for the good of others and for the common good.

Let’s secure the world- Ethical hacker (Cyber security expert)

  • cap of grey hat hackerGrey-Hat Hackers:  These are individuals who work both offensively and defensively at various times. We cannot predict their behavior. Sometimes they use their skills for the common good while in some other times he uses them for their personal gains.

I have all the privilege – Grey hat hacker

Required skills for Ethical hacking-

required skills for ethical hacker

Basic knowledge 

Computer knowledge

  1.       How computer works?
  2.       what is bios? ( legacy / UEFI )
  3.       what is booting?
  4.       How to install operating system? (kali-Linux)
  5.       what is file system?( FAT32 / NTFS / EXT2/3/4 )
  6.       what is master boot record?
  7.       Logical and primary partition
  8.       what is 32bit and 64 bit system? 


  1. what is switch,hub,router,modem
  2. network topology
  3. what is node
  5. internet protocol
  6. networking port
  7. fundamental of network and wireless security
  8. NAT, DHCP , subnetting , public ip , IPV4/IPV6/DNS/ARP/OSI model / MAC adddress

OS knowledge 

  1. learn windows , mac os , linux , android , ios 
  2. advance knowledge of linux os
  3. linux , windows , and mac administration
  4. good knowledge of command line
  5. interface of Doc linux / unix

Most important programming  language

  1. c++ / java / python / ruby / perl / html / php
  2. in javascript  VB script / java script / shell script
  3. in database SQL /MY SQL 

Linux: knowledge of Linux/Unix; security setting, configuration, and services.

Firewalls: configurations, and operation of intrusion detection systems. 


virtualization technology

cyber law

creative thinking

problem solving skills

social engineering

spend more time on computer

Hacking in positive way(cyber-security)-

hacking in positive way

  • “To catch a thief you have to think like a thief”
  • Helps in closing the open holes in the system network
  • Provides security to banking and financial establishments
  • Prevents website from black hat hacker
  • An evolving technique

Future Enhancement-

  • As it is an evolving branch the scope of enhancement in technology is immense. No ethical hacker can ensure the system security by using the same technique repeatedly. He would have to improve, develop and explore new avenues repeatedly.

future inhancement

  • More enhanced software should be used for optimum protection. Tools used need to be updated regularly and more efficient ones need to be developed.

Salary prospects in Ethical hacking-

salary of ethical hacker

  • The average payout to a certified ethical hacker is $71,331 per annum . The salary from $24,760 to $111,502 with a bonus payout between $0.00 to $17,500.Thus total salary is net $24,760-$132,323

Cryptocurrency used by hacker-

The most cryptocurrency which is used by black hat hacker for illegal purposes that is :

digital coin

Conclusion –

  • One of the main aims of the seminars is to make others understand that there are so many tools through which a hacker can get into a system. There are many reasons why everybody should understand these basics.
  • Let’s check its various needs from various perspectives. Student A student should understand that no software is made with zero vulnerability. So while they are studying they should study the various possibilities and should study how to prevent that because they are the professionals of tomorrow.


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